An American Translation
The earliest modern-speech translation made for the United States was produced by Edgar J. Goodspeed, a New Testament professor at the University of Chicago.
Goodspeed had criticized the translations of Weymouth and Moffatt, saying that he could make a better translation than any of them. Challenged to do so, he went to work, publishing The New Testament: An American Translation in 1923.
A working principle in his translation was to give his "version something of the force and freshness that reside in the original Greek." He said, "I wanted my translation to make on the reader something of the impression the New Testament must have made on its earliest readers, and to invite the continuous reading of the whole book at a time."
His translation was a success. An Old Testament translation followed, produced by J.M. Smith and three other scholars.
When God began to create the heavens and the earth, the earth was a desolate waste, with darkness covering the abyss and a temptuous wind raging over the surface of the waters. -- Genesis 1:1-2